Dr. Alan Grant (CB-Topps)

A paleontologist working in the field in Montana, Alan was excavating a Velociraptor antirrhopus skeleton when John Hammond arrived to him and his co-worker Ellie Sattler by helicopter, offering them a chance to visit his Park and give their expert opinion, in return for which he would fund their excavations for three years. Both doctors accept and are taken, by helicopter, to Isla Nublar. Here, they witness living Brachiosaurs, and are toured through the Visitor’s Center, along with Dr Ian Malcolm and Donald Gennaro. The group also visit the Velociraptor Paddock, where Robert Muldoon explains the dangerous nature of the Raptors. Following this, he and the other three visitors, along with John Hammond’s grandchildren, Tim and Alexis, file into two tour-vehicles and proceed to be driven on a tour across the island. Unfortunately, they do not see any animals, until they eventually leave the tour-vehicles and encounter a sick Triceratops. All the while, Grant tries to escape the constant harassment from Tim, who never ceases to bombard his idol with questions. Later, the vehicles are forced to pause outside of the Tyrannosaurus Paddock on their return to the Visitor’s Center (as a hurricane is headed to the island), during which Alan and Ian, now alone in one of the vehicles, discuss relationships. It is then that the Tyrannosaur breaks loose from its paddock and attacks the vehicle that Tim and Lex are in – Alan takes a flare and waves it around to distract the Rex, but Ian then does the same and the Rex follows him. Alan goes ahead and rescues Lex from the crushed, up-turned vehicle, but cannot save Tim before the Rex returns and pushes the vehicle (with Tim inside), as well as Alan and Lex, off of the paddock’s cliff. (This differs from the movie, in which Alan and Lex hang from the cliff as the car is pushed down. Furthermore, the car lands in a tree in the movie, and Alan climbs up to rescue Tim; here, the car lands on the ground beside Alan and Lex. This is to shorten the remainder of the film so that it can fit within one comic.) The trio then trek across the island with the aid of a map to find their way, spending a night in a tree, and witnessing the Rex attacking a Gallimimus herd. As they cross over the Paddock fence, Ellie reactivates it, and Tim is sent flying from the fence. The group finally reaches the Visitor’s Center, where Alan leaves Tim and Lex briefly to meet with Ellie. The reunion between the two is cut short when Tim and Lex run over to them, having encountered two of the Raptors. They run to the control room, where Lex fixes the system, but the group must then escape into the ventilation system just as a Raptor breaks into the room. Alan rescues Lex when the Raptor almost attacks her, and fends it off with a kick. Finally, the four reach the entrance hall and fall onto the skeletons that are on display. As two Raptors are ready to kill them, the Rex breaks in and attacks the pair, allowing the humans to escape and leave the island via helicopter.

Alan and Ellie are later sent back to Isla Nublar to help the army with any information they require on the animals as they try to clear up the island. Agitated by General West and Dr Fischer, the pair head to the western side of the island, believing that any surviving Raptors would be hiding there. Each of them carries a rifle in case they were to find an animal. The pair flirts, before entering a cave by the shore. Here, they investigate with flashlights before being attacked by George Lawala, a hunter-for-hire, who chases the pair until the three of them come across a mother Raptor and her five children. Lawala kills the mother while Alan and Ellie escape, but he later fights with them. His first attempt to capture them with a net is foiled when Alan cuts the net with a knife. He soon captures both of them, taking them, along with the Raptors, onto a cargo ship. The pair wake up in a cage and try to break out using Alan’s belt-buckle, finding that the Raptors (in a separate cage) are doing the same with their claws. Lawala, however, confronts them, and sprays them with a knockout gas. They awaken once more on a cargo plane, still in their cages, and find that the Raptors have already broken out and are encircling the cage. The Raptors, however, cannot brake in as the buckle of Alan’s belt is stuck in the cage’s lock. Lawala goes to investigate the movement of the plane that is being caused by the Raptors and decides to free Alan and Ellie so that they can help him hunt the dinosaurs. Alan traps two Raptors in a crate, which he then shoves out of the cargo plane’s hanger, although they are still attached by rope. He meets up with Ellie, and the pair realise that they must pilot the plane (Lawala and the pilot, Brennan, were killed by the Raptors, and the Raptors in the crate are causing too much motion for the autopilot to work with). Alan fails to pilot the plane, and it crashes into a jungle below.

Later, Alan awakens in a bed with a cast on his left arm and bandages on his left shin. He meets his host, Rafael, who explains that he and Ellie were rescued from the plane with injuries; the three Raptors were also saved, and Rafael wishes to train them into his pets. He keeps Alan and Ellie captive as they are experts, and makes them tend to the wounded Raptor. The pair name the three Raptors Alf (alpha), Betty (beta) and Celia (in the clinic) . Eventually, the Raptors break out, and Alan and Ellie escape into the jungle, having been saved from Alf and Betty by Celia in thanks for aiding her. They eventually reach a nearby town, where Ian and Muldoon were about to head out from to look for them, and they explain what has happened. They set off into the jungle again to capture the Raptors, with Alan armed with a rifle again. But when they have a sight on them, a group of Native Americans disrupts them and the Raptors attack. Alf and Betty prepare to attack Ellie, against Celia’s wishes, and Alan shoots Betty to save Ellie. Alf and Celia escape.

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Dr. Ellie Sattler (CB-Topps)

A paleobotanist who was working on the field in Wyoming with her partner, Alan Grant, when John Hammond arrived by helicopter and offered them a chance to visit his new amusement park in return for three years of funding for their dig. Upon arriving on Isla Nublar with Alan, John, Dr Ian Malcolm and lawyer Donald Gennaro, Ellie noticed extinct plants were growing on the island, and was shocked further upon discovering that there were living dinosaurs on the island, viewing the park’s Brachiosaurus. The guests were toured through the Visitor’s Center, where they witness the birth of a Velociraptor, and are then shown to the Velociraptor paddock and meet Robert Muldoon. The group discuss the philosophical ideals of the Park over dinner, before setting off on a tour of the Park with Hammond’s grandchildren, Tim and Alexis. Ellie travels in a vehicle with Alan and Ian; the latter flirts continuously with her while explaining Chaos Theory. After a disappointing start to the tour, Alan and Ellie leave their vehicle to see a sick Triceratops. Ellie diagnoses its problem, and decides to stay with it and Gerry Harding, a Park vet, while the others continue the tour. Gerry drops her off at the Visitor’s Center before leaving Isla Nublar; when the fences are deactivated and the Park’s Tyrannosaurus attacks the visitors, Ellie and Muldoon set off to search for Tim and Lex, but only find Ian and the remains of Gennaro. They leave in their jeep, chased by the Tyrannosaurus. The next day, Ellie and Muldoon leave to the maintenance shed to re-power the fences; the pair are hunted by Velociraptors, and Muldoon chooses to hold them up while Ellie continues to the shed. She reactivates the fences, almost killing Tim accidentally in the process, and is then chased out of the shed by a Raptor, which she locks in the shed. She returns to the Visitor’s Center to find Alan, and the pair meet up with Tim and Lex and re-boot the systems, before escaping from one of the Raptors by crawling through the ventilation system; however, they end up falling through, onto the skeletons in the Visitor’s Center main hall. The Raptors surround them, but just as they’re about to be attacked, the Tyrannosaurus breaks in and fights the Raptors; the group escape and leave the island by helicopter.

Ellie and Alan are later sent back to Isla Nublar to help the army with any information they require on the animals as they try to clear up the island. Agitated by General West and Dr Fischer, the pair head to the western side of the island, believing that any surviving Raptors would be hiding their. The pair flirts, before entering a cave by the shore. Here, they investigate before being attacked by George Lawala, a hunter-for-hire, who chases the pair until the three of them come across a mother Raptor and her five children. Lawala kills the mother while Ellie and Alan escape, but he later fights with and captures both of them, taking them, along with the Raptors, onto a cargo ship. The pair wake up in a cage and try to break out using Alan’s belt-buckle, finding that the Raptors (in a separate cage) are doing the same with their claws. Lawala, however, confronts them, and sprays them with a knockout gas. They awaken once more on a cargo plane, still in their cages, and find that the Raptors have already broken out and are encircling the cage. The Raptors, however, cannot break in as the buckle of Alan’s belt is stuck in the cage’s lock. Lawala goes to investigate the movement of the plane that is being caused by the Raptors and decides to free Alan and Ellie so that they can help him hunt the dinosaurs. Ellie comes across the dead bodies of Lawala, Brennan (the pilot) and the Raptor that attacked them, which Lawala had shot; Ellie cannot bring herself to kill it, and instead makes a loose tourniquet around its wound. She meets up with Alan, and the pair realise that they must pilot the plane (as Lawala and Brennan are dead and the Raptors in the crate are causing too much motion for the autopilot to work with). Alan fails to pilot the plane, and it crashes into a jungle below.

Apparently, Ellie awoke at one point during her recovery in Rafael’s secret hideout, but was knocked out again; when she confronts him about it, he states that she would do herself injury. Rafael keeps Ellie and Alan hostage so that they could serve as experts on the captive Raptors which Rafael is training to be his hounds; he also has them tend to the injured Raptor, who had survived thanks to Ellie’s makeshift tourniquet. The pair grow close to the Raptors, going so far as to name them (Alf, Betty and Celia); however, Alf and Betty foil Ellie and Alan’s escape. When the Raptors themselves ultimately break out, Alan and Ellie run for it; Celia stops Alf and Betty from attacking them, in thanks for the pair helping her when wounded. The two eventually reach a town, where Ian and Muldoon were about to head out from to look for them, and they explain what has happened. They set off into the jungle again to capture the Raptors, but when they have a sight on them, a group of Native Americans disrupts them and the Raptors attack. Alf and Betty prepare to attack Ellie, against Celia’s wishes, and Alan shoots Betty to save Ellie. Alf and Celia escape.

In pursuit of Celia and Alf, Ellie, Muldoon and Grant survey the jungle by helicopter to attempt to detect the raptors from the air. After Muldoon sights a Gorilla and attempts to investigate, the group landing to attempt to follow its trail. Ellie departs through the jungle with a backpack, which she promptly loses after being abducted by the Gorilla. However, as the Gorilla attacks the raptors, Ellie uses her opportunity to escape and rejoin the group.

As they regroup, Ellie and the others are attacked by a Biosyn Helicopter which attempts to kill them with machine gun fire. As they needed to attend to a sick Ian Malcolm, Ellie and the group encountered a tribe of Indians who took care of him, and allowed them to rest. She later flirts with Ian Malcolm, kissing him-but affirming that she still is committed to a relationship with Grant.

Upon encountering the raptor enclosure that Biosyn built, she is witness to the breach of the enclosure. She also survives a confrontation between the raptors and the Biosyn agents, watching the slaughter. However, the raptors spare her and Malcolm, and they are shortly rescued by helicopter. Afterward, the group rests in Venezuela, contemplating the eventual fate of the raptors.

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Einhorn 20mm Rifle (S/F)

einhornThe Einhorn is a fictional sniper rifle introduced to us in Jurassic Park 3, which, according to the dialogue, fires a 20 millimeter diameter projectile. The real world weapon seen in the film, however, is actually the Barrett M82A2, which is bullpup sniper rifle that fires the .50 Browning Machine Gun cartridge. It is a variant of the better known M82A1, and no longer in production.

The Einhorn was seen only in the early scenes of JP3 in Cooper’s possession. In the scene where the rifle was first revealed, Cooper was using armor piercing incendiary rounds, which had a very destructive effect on the target. Cooper was also seen carrying the rifle into the jungle on Isla Sorna, until what is presumed to be an off-screen encounter with the Spinosaurus, during which shots were heard. After the first shots were fired, Nash and Udesky were clearly seen boarding the plane when a second, louder, burst of shots could be heard. It was certainly Cooper firing those last shots, but whether it was the Einhorn that was fired can only be inferred, as the action takes place off camera. The Einhorn was never seen again after this point, as Cooper emerged from the jungle without it.

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Rostango (CB-Topps)

Proprietor of the amber mines in the Dominican Republic from which InGen obtained a considerable bulk of its amber.

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José (I) (CB-Topps)

José was a gatekeeper on Isla Nublar. He was killed by a Velociraptor that was in transit to the Raptor Holding Pen on Isla Nublar.

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Gerry Harding (CB-Topps)

A veterinarian at Jurassic Park, Gerry tends to the sick Triceratops when Drs. Alan Grant, Ellie Sattler and Ian Malcolm, Donald Gennaro, and Tim and Alexis encounter it. He explains the situation, which leads to Ellie figuring out what is wrong with the Trike. After this, the others, bar Ellie, leave; Gerry leaves the island soon afterwards, after dropping Ellie off at the Visitor’s Center.

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Dennis Nedry (CB-Topps)

Works as a technician at Jurassic Park; he was convinced to work at the Park by John Hammond, despite the fact that Nedry wanted a higher pay. Finding the work irritating, Nedry decided to earn money from BioSyn by stealing embryos from InGen. At some point before the events of “Jurassic Park”, Nedry sneaks away from his work for the day and relaxes on a beach, but soon finds himself being chased by a herd of escaped Stegosaurus. He meets with Lewis Dodgson, a member of BioSyn, in Costa Rica, and is given a transport case for the embryos, disguised as a shaving foam can. He shuts down the fences of Jurassic Park for eighteen minutes, enough time to distract Hammond and the rest of the staff while he steals the embryos. As he rushes to leave the island, however, he takes a wrong turn (being misled by a fallen sign), crashes and is attacked and killed by a Dilophosaurus.

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Henry Wu (CB-Topps)

A leading geneticist at Jurassic Park, Wu tends to the dinosaur eggs; he is there when Drs Alan Grant, Ellie Sattler and Ian Malcolm, and Donald Gennaro, visit the island. He explains to Ian why it is possible for all dinosaurs on the island to be female. Wu leaves on the boat from the island at a later point.

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Donald Gennaro (CB-Topps)

A lawyer who is invited, twice, to visit Jurassic Park. He constantly seems unimpressed with what he is seeing, both during the production of the Park and while accompanying Drs. Alan Grant, Ellie Sattler and Ian Malcolm on their tour. He notes on numerous occasions how the impressions of those seeing the Park (both the doctors and himself) affect the fate of Jurassic Park. Ultimately, when the fences are de-powered and the Tyrannosaurus rex escapes, Gennaro abandons John Hammond’s grandchildren, Tim and Alexis, and cowers in a nearby toilet facility. Eventually, the Rex proceeds to eat him after it shatters the facility; ironically, Gennaro had watched this dinosaur being born on his prior visit, and was unimpressed, evoking Hammond to tell him that “someday, this little fellow might surprise you!”

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John Hammond (CB-Topps)

CEO of InGen and the head of Jurassic Park. toured Donald Gennaro around Isla Nublar during the construction of the Park facilities in an attempt to sway him into his favour. Gennaro seemed unimpressed by everything he witnessed, despite witnessing the birth of the Park’s first dinosaur, a young Tyrannosaurus rex. Around this time, he hired Dennis Nedry as one of the Park’s technicians.

In 1993, he invited Drs. Alan Grant and Ellie Sattler to Isla Nublar to receive the opinion of dinosaur experts on his island; in turn, he funded their palaeontological dig for three years. He led the guests, also including Gennaro and mathematician Ian Malcolm, on a tour through the Visitor’s Center, and they were joined by Hammond’s grandchildren- Alexis “Lex” Murphy and Timothy “Tim” Murphy – before heading out into the Park.

Hammond stayed behind in the Visitor’s Center, but became trapped there when the systems were sabotaged by Nedry during his attempt to steal dinosaur embroys for BioSyn (a rival company of InGen), and in the aftermath as John “Ray” Arnold tried, and failed, to reboot the system. Eventually, Hammond, along with his fellow survivors, manage to escape the Park.

In the aftermath of the incident, Hammond was furious at BioSyn, having figured out that they were the ones behind Nedry’s betrayal. In turn, Hammond ordered some of his men to plant a bomb in a major BioSyn facility, and soon receives a phone call from an enraged Steingarten (head of BioSyn), although he casually shrugs off his opponent’s accusations. At the same time, he sends a group of helicopters out to the South American rainforest to find the missing Grant, Sattler, Ian Malcolm and Robert Muldoon.

Shortly afterwards, with reports of a wounded soldier likely having been washed up from Isla Nublar, Hammond hires Grant, Sattler, Muldoon and Edgar Prather to search the island and find out what the army are doing there and what the “Green Flame” mentioned by the injured man was.

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Velociraptor (sp.) (JN)

In reality, real Velociraptors were quite smaller than those featured in “Jurassic Park”, which are much closer in size comparison to Deinonychus. Deinonychus‘ name means “Terrible Claw” and it was discovered by Paleontology revolutionary Dr. John Ostrom in 1964 and named in 1969. Deinonychus weighed 160 pounds (73 kilos) and was 4 meters (13 feet) in length and nearly 1.8 meters (6 feet) high.

The real life Velociraptor name means “swift robber” first discovered and described by Henry Fairfield Osborn in 1924 in what is now the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. Velociraptor lived in the Late Cretaceous around 67 million years ago. Velociraptor was 1.8 meters (6 feet) in length, 1 meter (3 feet) tall and 60 pounds (25 kilos) in weight.

Found on both Isla Nublar and Isla Sorna, the Velociraptors or “raptors” as they tend to be called, are Jurassic Park’s most intellectually advanced dinosaurs, hunting in packs and communicating with vocalizations allowing for efficient hunting tactics.

Velociraptorantirrhopus nublarensis
velociraptor small Raptor_male
Female Male
Velociraptorantirrhopus sornaensis
Female Male

Velociraptor mongoliensis
“Swift robber” first discovered and described by Henry Fairfield Osborn in 1924 in what is now the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. Velociraptor lived in the Late Cretaceous around 67 million years ago. Velociraptor was 1.8 meters (6 feet) in length, 1 meter (3 feet) tall and 60 pounds (25 kilos) in weight. Eric Kirby encountered the real Velociraptor while on his eight week stay on Isla Sorna in the Jurassic Park Adventures: Survivor story.

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Tyrannosaurus rex (JN)

“Tyrant Lizard King” discovered in 1902 by Barnum Brown in Hell Creek, Montana. Tyrannosaurus was holder of the world’s largest carnivorous dinosaur before Spinosaurus and Giganotosaurus made their way onto the scene. Tyrannosaurus lived in the Late Cretaceous period and grew over lengths of 12 meters (40 feet), (46 feet recorded and held by “C-Rex”), 4 meters (13 feet) at the hips and 5 meters height (16 feet) at the top of head, & 6 to 8 tons in weight. The Tyrannosaurus in the Jurassic Park movies call Isla Sorna and Isla Nublar their homes. It is believed by some that in Jurassic Park /// the infant from Jurassic Park II: The Lost World was the one slaughtered at the talons of the Spinosaurus, while others feel it was the adult male Tyrannosaurus from The Lost World; however, there is not sufficient proof for either claim and some have also suggested it was a rogue young adult male Tyrannosaurus.

The amusement park, located on Isla Nublar, cloned and held a single adult Tyrannosaurus. The animal was not seen by the tour group sent to evaluate the park’s security the first time they visited her paddock. Later on the same day, during a storm, the Tyrannosaurus returned and broke free of its containment and attacked the two tour vehicles populated by Dr. Alan Grant, Dr. Ian Malcolm, Tim & Lex Murphy, and Donald Gennaro.

Gennaro was killed  and Malcolm injured by the rampaging animal, the rest escaped her. In an effort to rescue the stranded people, Robert Muldoon and Ellie Sattler drove a Jeep to their last known location. They retrieved Malcolm from the wreckage of the site but could not find the others. The T. rex then attacked them as they were leaving and chased their Jeep from her territory, trying to disable it during the chase. The three escaped her.

The T. rex attacked and killed a Gallimimus during a stampede and continued to follow the trail of Grant and the kids to the Visitor’s Center.

The Tyrannosaurus did not appear again until it entered the Visitor’s Center’s main lobby through a gap in its construction. The carnivore killed two Velociraptors that were attacking the remaining survivors, enabling them to escape in the commotion.

Years later on Site B, the cloning grounds and second dinosaur island controlled by InGen Corporation, a breeding pair of Tyrannosaurus populated the island. They had an infant that was found by the hunters Roland Tembo and Ajay Sidhu. The pair decided that they were going to use the baby as bait at another location to draw the Bull Tyrannosaurus into an area they could kill him from. Peter Ludlow, the financier of the hunter expedition, stumbled upon their trap in a drunken stupor and accidentally broke its leg. Nevertheless, the two professional hunters waited patiently for the Bull to arrive.

However, their wait would not last as they were forced to flee their perch during the sabotage of the hunter camp by Sarah Harding and Nick Van Owen. Nick heard the cries and took the injured baby to his and Sarah’s waiting AAV, amid protests from Harding.

The returned to the Research Trailers in order to set its broken leg, dealing with angry lectures from Ian. Despite this, Harding and Nick set about creating a cast. Meanwhile Ian sent his daughter to the High Hide in order to quell her anxiety about the screaming baby.

Ian raced back to the trailers to warn the two inside that the T. rex family was coming to their site to retrieve their missing infant. Before he could persuade them to remove and release the baby from the trailers, the pair arrived and investigated the trailers for evidence of their baby. Sarah released it to them with a cast on its leg.

Seconds later, the Tyrannosaurus returned and attacked the trailers. They flipped the back trailer, that the group was in, upside down and pushed it over the cliff. The trailer was suspended in air by the accordion attached to the front trailer, but the entire vehicle was slowing sliding over the edge.

Eddie Carr, the field technician that created the equipment for the expedition, tried to save the trailers and his friends but failed when the Tyrannosaurus returned to defend their new territory from the intrusion. They dismantled his AAV and killed him, the trailers and wrecked AAV flew over the cliff, but the group inside survived thanks to rope Eddie through down to them that was attached to a trees stump nearby.

The T. rex tracked the hunter-gatherer group that joined together after their respective incidents and arrived at their camp two nights later. The invaded their camp, smelling the dried blood of their infant and attacked after being startled by the screams of the awakening hunters.  The female Tyrannosaurus chased the fleeing humans down a narrow ravine. The female claimed two victims during the chase, stepping on a fallen Carter and entering a waterfall and nabbing a panicking Dr. Robert Burke. Meanwhile, Roland stalked the male that stayed behind to further inspect the temporary camp. Roland hit the male with one dart of tranquilizer, which caught his attention. Roland quickly inserted a second dart and shot the male again, knocking it out.

Ludlow ordered the capture of the baby which would be sent to the facilities on San Diego, where it would be joined by the Bull later in the night. The male hid on the InGen freighter he was being transported on and broke free from the cargo hold after it was opened to inspect the loss of crew.

The bull rampaged throughout the city in a rage. It was not until Malcolm and Harding took the baby from the San Diego facility and found the male that they lured him back to the freighter. The male returned to the cargo hold, where the baby was placed by the pair of scientists and found Peter Ludlow trying to take the baby back. The male injured Ludlow and encouraged the baby to attack its weakened foe. The baby attacked and killed the human, for its first hunting kill. The two T. rex were reunited with the female on Site B.

Eric Kirby found a urinating Tyrannosaurus years later and collected a sample.

Grant, Billy Brennan, Udesky and the Kirbys ran into a sub-adult Tyrannosaurus while fleeing a Spinosaurus, the T. rex fought the Spino, but was killed in the battle.

19635463e0_71104145_o2 T-rex_male
Female Male
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Triceratops horridus (JN)

trike_female“Three Horned Face” discovered in 1888 in Wyoming by John Bell Hatcher & described by Othniel Charles Marsh in 1890. Triceratops lived during the Late Cretaceous Period about 68 to 65 million years ago. It was over 10.5 meters (35 ft.) in length, over 4.5 meters (15 ft.) in height at the top of crest, & 7 tons in weight.

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Stegosaurus stenops (JN)

tumblr_lkqn34jURl1qhsdu1o1_1280“Roofed Lizard” discovered in Colorado in 1876 by M. P. Felch & described by Othniel C. Marsh in 1877. Stegosaurus lived during the Late Jurassic Period about 154 to 150 million years ago. It was 12 meters (40 ft.) in length, 5.8 meters (19 ft.) in height at the top of the plates, & 7 tons in weight. The ones in the Jurassic Park novel are 20 ft. in length with 3 foot long spikes.

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Spinosaurus aegyptiacus (JN)

“Egyptian Spine Lizard” discovered in 1912 by Markgraf in Marsa Matruh, Egypt and described by Dr. Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach in 1915. Spinosaurus lived during the Middle Cretaceous Period about 110 million to 90 million years ago. Spinosaurus was over 12 meters (40 feet) in length and could even possibly reach up to 18 meters (60 feet) in length, stood 5 to 6 meters (16-20 feet) in height, & weighed 7 to 9 tons in weight. When its sail is included in vertical measurements it was approximately 6.5-7.5 meters (22-25 feet) tall. The most complete skeleton of a Spinosaurus was destroyed in 1944 during a bombing raid on Munich, Germany during World War II.

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Pteranodon longiceps “hippocratesi” (*) (JN)

“wing without tooth” found in the Central U.S. and described by Marsh in 1872. It was 9.7 meters (32 ft) in wingspan, 3.1 meters (10ft 2in) in height, and weighed 154 pounds. Pteranodon longiceps is actually a flying reptile, not a dinosaur. The animal has been identified as a P. longiceps as it shares but a few similar skeletal similarities to the actual creature. This “hypocrite” species, known so from the name meaning “wing without tooth,” but seen with teeth.

Female Male

 

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Parasaurolophus walkeri (JN)

Similar Saurolophus” found in Western North America and described by Parks in 1922. Parasaurolophus lived in the late Cretaceous about 76-65 Million years ago. It was 10.05 meters (33 ft.) in length, 4 meters (13 ft.) in height and weighed 4 tons. This animal is confused in the “The Lost World: Jurassic Park” Junior Novelization as being a “Carinthosaurus” by Roland Tembo.

paras_female paras_male
Female Male
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Pachycephalosaurus wyomingensis (JN)

Pachy_femaleThe “thickhead reptile” was described by Gilmore in 1931. Pachycephalosaurus lived during the Late Cretaceous Period about 67 to 65.5 million years ago. It was about 4 meters (13 ft) in length, 1 and half meters (5 ft) in height and 800 pounds (365 kilos) in weight.

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Iguanodon bernissartensis (JN)

“Iguana Tooth” was initially found in 1822. Iguanodon was later described by English Geologist Gideon Mantell three years after its discovery and was the second dinosaur to be given a formal name. Iguanodon – along with Megalosaurus and Hylaeosaurus – were the first three dinosaurs ever introduced to the world. I. bernissartensis was found in 1878. There were as many as thirty-eight skeletons of this animal discovered and Alphonse Briart, the supervisor of the coal mine, allowed these animals to be unearthed. I. bernissartensis was the most famous of Iguanodon specimens due to the fact of how well preserved they were and the fact they were the first complete dinosaur found. This Iguanodon weighed in at 3.5 tons (3.08 tonnes). The Ornithopod grew to be as long as 10 meters (32.8 feet) in length, with even some of these animals growing up to 13 meters (42.6 feet) in length. Iguanodon was gifted with the ability to be a bipedal and quadrupedal dinosaur. Eric Kirby encountered a herd of these – even befriended a young Iguanodon – when he was stranded on Isla Sorna for eight weeks.

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Gallimimus bullatus (JN)

galli_femaleThe “chicken mimic” was discovered in the early 1970s in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia and described in 1972 by Halszka Osmólska, Ewa Roniewicz, and Rinchen Barsbold.
Gallimimus lived during the Late Cretaceous about 71 to 68 million years ago. Up to 6 meters (20ft) in length, 2 meters (6.6ft) in height at the hips and 1000 pounds (454kg) in weight.

Gallimimus was found on Isla Nublar as one of InGen’s cloned species. Dr. Alan Grant, Lex and Tim Murphy encounter a herd of the animals which proceeded to stampede in their direction. They ran and sought shelter from them and witnessed the female Tyrannosaur ambush and kill one for a meal.

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Dilophosaurus wetherilli “venenifer” (*) (JN)

“Double-crested reptile”, was discovered in 1942 in Monument Valley in the Navajo country, Arizona, by native Jesse Williams. Based on these remains, which came from the Kayenta Formation, it was described in 1954 by Sam Welles as a new species of Megalosaurus, before new remains revealed it was a new animal. Welles gave it a new description, and name, in 1970.

 Dilophosaurus lived during the Hettangian or Sinemurian stages of the Early Jurassic, about 200 to 190 million years ago. It was 6 meters (20ft) in length, over 1.8 meters (6ft) in height at the hips and 1000 pounds (454kg) in weight.

It belonged to the Dilophosauridae, a group of medium-sized early theropods that also included Cryolophosaurus, Dracovenator, and Zupaysaurus. Material for Dilophosaurus includes a number of specimens of varying degrees of completeness and ages, ranging from scattered fragments of an infant, to the incomplete subadult holotype specimen, to an incomplete adult specimen which was the first to preserve the distinctive crests, and more. The large crests for which it was famous may have been used for sexual display or intraspecific recognition, and would have been brightly colored. Several specimens have been discovered together and have been interpreted as evidence of group behavior, though this has been contested by other researches, leaving it open to debate. In addition, resting traces attributed to Dilophosaurus have been used to shed light on dinosaur posture, and track types from the Kayenta Formation have been attributed to Dilophosaurus.

It is heavily unlikely the real-life Dilophosaurus was able to spit venom.

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Corythosaurus casuarius (JN)

“Corinthian Helmet Lizard” discovered in 1912 in Alberta, Canada by Barnum Brown, described & named in 1914 by Brown. Corythosaurus lived during the Late Cretaceous Period about 80 to 70 million years ago. It was 7-7.5 meters (23-25 ft.) in length, 4 meters (13 ft.) in height, & 4 tons in weight. Corythosaurus can be found on Isla Sorna. On Isla Sorna Corythosaurus travels in herds with Parasaurolophus walkeri.

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Compsognathus longipes (JN)

“Elegant Jaw” discovered in the late 1850′s in Bavaria, Germany by Dr. Oberndorfer & described by Johann A. Wagner in 1959. Compsognathus lived during the Late Jurassic Period about 150 to 140 million years ago. It was 1 meter (3 ft.) in length, 0.3 meters (1 foot) in height at the hips, & 7.7 pounds (3.5 Kilos) in weight, also worthy of note is that the JP3 Dinosaur guide disputes this size as it claims the animal was 1.5 meters (5 ft) in length and 0.6 meters (2 ft) in height. Compsognathus can be found on Isla Sorna as well as possibly Isla Nublar. Dr. Robert Burke, the Paleonotologist of the InGen Expedition to Isla Sorna in 1997, either mistook Compsognathus to be Procompsognathus triassicus or both genus are present on Sorna.

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Apatosaurus excelsus (JN)

Originally Brontosaurus excelsus, this “Deceptive Lizard” was discovered & described in 1879 in Colorado by Othniel Charles Marsh. Apatosaurus lived during the Late Jurassic Period about 154 to 150 million years ago. It was 21 meters (about 70ft.) in length, 4.5 meters (15ft.) in height at the hips, & 40 tons in weight. This animal, per the Junior Novelization, is found on Isla Nublar.

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Isla Nublar: Jurassic Park (C/N)

InGen’s Jurassic Park project is located a hundred miles from the coast of Costa Rica and began construction shortly after 1979 when The Hammond Foundation leased Isla Nublar from the Costa Rican government for a biological preserve. Whether Sorna came first and then Nublar is unknown, but InGen’s dreams came crashing to a halt in August of 1989, as the Isla Nublar Incident transpired and forced the company into Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The status of the animal life on Isla Nublar is destroyed and is nothing more than an urban myth.

Notable Isla Nublar Locations

  1. Aviary
    Pteratops Lodge
  2. East Dock
  3. East Garage
  4. East Road
  5. Maintenance Shed
  6. Goat Enclosure
  7. Grid 442-443
  8. Hammond’s Bungalow
  9. Lagoon Dock
  10. Les Gigantes (planned)
  11. North Dock
  12. Ornithischian Paddock
  13. Raft Storage Shed
  14. Safari Lodge
  15. Sector 11
    Sauropod Maintenance Building
  16. Sector 1104 (part of sector 11??)
  17. Sector 12
  18. Support Facility
  19. Unknown Service Road (Nedry)
  20. Unmarked Storage Room
  21. Velociraptor Holding Pen
  22. Visitor Building
    Armory
    Cafeteria
    Control Room
    Extractions
    Fertilization
    Garage
    General Manager
    Guest Services
    Hatchery
    Nursery
    Operations
    Park Warden
    Park Supervisor
  23. Waterworks
  24. Raptor Nest
  25. Waterfall Recess

Isla Nublar Maps

This map serves in a way as the “official” Isla Nublar Map for the novels, this map was published in the MacMillian English Language Teaching book that came out for the Jurassic Park novel, while grossly inaccurate as it does not account for everything and is slightly contradictory to what is stated in the novel, it does serve to create a general knowledge of where everything is located on Isla Nublar.

As an answer to the inaccurate and slight contradictory nature of the map in the “MacMillian English Language Teaching” book for Jurassic Park. JPLegacy Members set out to create an accurate representation of the Isla Nublar map, using the MacMillian map as a basis and as well as the descriptions of the locations witnessed in the novel to finish it to create a comprehensive map for Isla Nublar in the novels.

nublartomassiProbably the best Isla Nublar map out there now,  this map was created by the talents of Henrique Zimmermann Tomassi. Tomassi based this map off of his interpretation of the locations seen in the Jurassic Park novel. At the moment this map is regarded by the community as the correct canon map. To read Tomassi’s blog you can visit it here regarding his viewpoint on the maps in the community and the explanation behind his map. His mission is, of course, the same as our own mission here on JPLegacy.

Island outline and dimensions

We know that the island is 100 miles from the mainland, or maybe a little more. It has the shape of an inverted teardrop, bulging at the north, tapering at the south. It measures eight miles height and three miles at maximum width, in total some twenty-two square miles. There is no detailed description of the island’s outline, so I just took the Arnold’s satellite picture outline (from the movie) and stretched it in order to fit in Nublar’s proportions. I’ve preferred to take this outline from something related to Jurassic Park instead to create something from my imagination.

The Visitor Area

Most of the complexity of the map is inside the “Visitor Area”. We do know that there were only six divisions on the whole island. The “Visitor Area” was in the northern section and it contained structures such as the Heliport, the Visitor Center, the maintenance shed, the Hammond’s Bungalow, the Safari Lodge, the swimming pool, the tennis courts and the planting and shrubbery. There was also the East Garage, the holding pens, and the goat’s paddock.

The helicopter entered the island from the north. The heliport was over a hill and from this point the characters could see a flat area, with the Visitor Area’s buildings. As we know that the north portion of the island has the highest hills of the island and they came from north to south in the helicopter, I deduced that the flat area should be south of the Heliport. The Heliport is a short distance, by foot, from the Safari Lodge.

From the Heliport they walked thru a palm grove, an electric fence, along a swimming pool with smaller rocky pools and get to the Safari Lodge. The pool was in the lateral part of the building and the pool’s border was at ten or twelve feet from the building. The lodge had a special fence around it, only fifteen feet of the building.

The Visitor Center is near the Safari Lodge and is possible to see it from the Safari Lodges’ main entrance. In one of the sides of the Visitor Center there is a palm grove. This grove must be located northern of the Visitor Center because there is a path among a grove leading north, to some other buildings. The Visitor Center is west of the Safari Lodge, because when Gennaro was north of the Visitor Center, he ran “to the forest” and, hiding there, he knew the maintenance shed was somewhere to the east. The Visitor Center main entrance is towards south, because its back door was facing north.

From the Visitor Center, a path lead the characters to the north and they crossed a palm grove, saw the maintenance shed (mentioned as Power/Desalinization/Support in the chapter “Plans”), an animal enclosure with goats, a bamboo grove and found the holding pens.

The maintenance shed is the northern building of all, its entrance is in the east side and from there Dr. Alan Grant could see the Raptors running from the Safari Lodge towards the Visitor Center. That means that the area between the maintenance shed and the Safari Lodge is an open ground, without forests and groves.

We know that the Hammond’s Bungalow was in the island’s north portion, surrounded by palm trees. A path leads from the Visitor Center to the Bungalow, going north. When Hammond was attacked by the Procompsognathus, he was at a stream and “he could not be more than a hundred yards” from the Visitor Center and the Bungalow. So, the Bungalow is surrounded by palm trees, at north of the Visitor Center and the maximum distance between them is less than two hundred yards. Those information allowed me to locate the Bungalow inside that palm grove which is in the north side of the Visitor Center.

From the east garage we only know that is located “more than a mile” from the Visitor Center and is… east. Well, I have put it in a maintenance road, at approximately 1,1 miles from the Visitor Center.

The tennis courts are mentioned, but no one character actually see one in the novel. So its location is pure speculation. I believe that they should be near the pool, in the Safari Lodge. The pool and the tennis courts should be a recreation area in the island. In every tour enterprise the courts are expected to be near the resort’s hotel.

Main Road & Paddock Fences

There were only six divisions on the whole island, separated by electric fences and moats. The six divisions were: Visitor Area; Hypsilophodont Highlands; Triceratops Territory; Sauropod Swamp; Carnivore Country and Stegosaurus South. The “Velociraptor Valley” was to be built in the future. For the most part, the island was divided into big curving areas. The reserved area to the dinosaurs was twenty square miles.

The main road ran north-south, one section of the road was literally cut into the side of a cliff, above a river. In the Park, the tour road was raised up above ground level, so the characters could see over the fences. The tour started at the Visitor Center. A line of Toyota Land Cruisers came out of an underground garage under the Visitor Center. The road crossed a palm tree grove, where they saw electric fences. At the east side of the road, there were the Hypsilophodon and Othnielia paddock. After this paddock, the cars kept forward, going south. The next paddock is the Dilophosaurus area. It is located east of the road and north of the Aviary. From the road section cut at the side of the cliff they could see a Dilophosaurus at the river that was flowing close to the hills.

After the Dilophosaurus paddock, the road made a curve to the west and they saw the Triceratops paddock at the west side of the road. This paddock extends to the south, because at the point the T. rex attacks the car, there are high fences in both sides of the road.

Still going south, they saw the Tyrannosaurus rex paddock at the east side of the road. From the point that the cars stopped, looking south they could see the sauropods in the lake. The T. rex paddock must had a northwest-southeast direction, because from the point that Dr. Grant entered the paddock, after the T. rex attack, he walked directly north, crossing the paddock in the middle. So, at least one part of the road must be south of the T. rex paddock fence.

Continuing the tour, they saw the sauropods and hadrosaurs together, in the same paddock. This area is called “Sauropod Swamp”. Dr. Grant had entered this paddock after crossing the T. rex paddock from south to north, as the motion sensors sequence allow to prove. The only way to have this omnipresence is if the sauropod/hadrosaur area be located around the T. rex paddock, surrounding it in the south, east and north side. Another evidence that part of the sauropods paddock is north of the T. rex’s area is the sight that Dr. Grant had when he arrived the island. From the Heliport he could see the sauropod’s neck. The distance between the Heliport and the northern “Sauropod Swamp” can be only 1.6 miles. If the paddock was restricted to the area south of the T. rex paddock, the distance would be too large, about 4.1 miles, and Dr. Grant would not be able to see the dinosaurs. Is easy to understand that those herbivores need the biggest grazing fields in the park, that’s probably the reason for them to have such a huge paddock. I’ve putted also a palm tree grove in the sauropod’s northern end, because Dr. Grant saw them among those tress. The presence of Microceratops in the river, at north and south of the Aviary is evidence that the Sauropod Swamp also surrounds the metallic dome).

The last paddock is in the island’s far south and has five square miles). The Stegosaurus lived in the island’s area with the most important volcanic activity. This is the only paddock in witch the main road came inside, because the characters get out of the car in order to see the sick Stegosaurus without jumping over any fencing. This point where they meet the sick dinosaur is near the ocean, because Ellie Sattler could hear it, and is in the southwest area of the paddock, because Dr. Harding says that the Stegosaurus use to graze mostly north and east of there. After left the sick Stegosaurus point, they went to a section of road that ran near the coastline, overlooking the beach and the ocean they turned back to north. This section must be at the east coast, because they saw the “Anne B” ship going to the mainland. Somehow they took the main road again and made the same trajectory back to the Visitor Center, but when they were in front of the T. rex paddock Dennis Nedry made his shutdown.

The island had fifty miles of twelve-foot-high fencing. This includes the twenty-two miles around the perimeter of the island, for preventing the dinosaurs to escape.

Maintenance Roads & Tunnels

In the Park there were roads, tunnels and buildings. There was a different road system for animal handlers and feed trucks.

From the Visitor Center, we know that there was a maintenance road towards east, the one that Nedry took in order to go to the East Dock. He was going to the East Dock, and get inside the Park by crossing an electric fence. From this point he believed the dock was not more than 1 mile and he would soon see the ocean in the left side of the road. So, the East Dock was relatively close to the Visitor Area, and there was a section of it heading south, near the beach. Another evidence that the East Dock is very near the Visitor Center is that Nedry thought that he could leave the Control Room and deliver the embryos in only three minutes, and after more three he would be back to the room.

But Nedry missed the road to the dock and get to the Dilophosaurus paddock, in a dead end, close to the river. I tried to make a road that could easily make him get the wrong direction only by missing one entrance. It’s hard to believe that he would make a series of mistakes to get to the Dilophosaurus paddock.

Another maintenance road starts at the south area of the island in the Sauropod Swamp, because at the beginning of it the characters saw the Apatosaurus. After a long time in this road, Dr. Harding and Ellie Sattler meet the Procompsognathus, at this point they were near the jungle river, it was off there somewhere to their left. Naturally, this road avoids the T. rex paddock, otherwise the animal handlers would be easily eaten… After meeting the Procompsognathus, they followed them for a wile in the road, and we know that those dinosaurs were after Nedry’s dead body, so I have made this section of the maintenance road heading to the Dilophosaurus paddock. After some time, Dr. Harding decides to get back to the Visitor Center and, as I made later, again the road avoid the Dilophosaurus paddock, because I believe no one would get in there if it was not really necessary. Then I just connected this road to that one that Nedry took, making possible to get to the Visitor Center without creating superfluous ways.

At north of the T. rex paddock there is one maintenance road leading east, to the Sauropod Maintenance Building. There is no more information about this road, so I just connected it to the other maintenance road in the opposite side of the river. There was also a paved road running straight down from the Sauropod Maintenance Building toward the lagoon.

I have made a small maintenance road from the tour road to the Dilophosaurus paddock, in order to create a way for Robert Muldoon to get to the field west of the river, where he “hunts” the T. rex. Some other small roads were created by me only to allow access to the maintenance buildings of each paddock.

The road to north dock is speculative. There is no description of this road in the novel. I think it should follow the river, because there was a path already constructed for the river to flow, so its easy to built the road along this path. I also created a small road (not described in the novel) from the back to the Safari Lodge to the road that leads the north dock. I think it would be needed for supplies to be transported from the dock to the back of the lodge.

There were two tunnels in the island. The first one “seemed to stretch away for miles” and connect the waterfall to the front of the Visitor Center. There is another tunnel at the  island’s southern end, between the underground structure and the beach and below the electrified fence. In this second tunnel, thru some curves, Grant could get to the beach.

The Hills

At the north end of the island, the hills were highest, rising more than two thousand feet above the ocean. According to the topographic map that Dr. Grant saw in the trailer, there are hills at the center of the island and part of it were cut to fit the main road. The Aviary was also in area with hills, that’s why their paddock is called “Pterosaur Peak” and the visitors could not see it when they were in front of the Triceratops paddock.

The southern end of the island had more volcanic activity than the north so is expected that there are a lot of hills in this area. If they are not higher than the northern hills we can assume that this volcanic activity is not very old and in some time the southern volcanoes will grow to the same size as the northern hills. The visitors smelled the sulfur fumes of the volcanic steam when they entered in the road section near the beach.

There were flatlands in the island’s southern area. The Stegosaurus use to graze in the northern and eastern areas of its paddock. That is why I had made those two fields as the flatlands. Near the beach, the south end of the island is without volcanic activity, but with some hills, where the raptors had made their nest under a field of boulders.

The volcanic steam is also present in the main road a few moments before the cars stop at the T. rex paddock. So it must be some volcanoes near this point. I have located those volcanoes inside the Triceratops paddock, because when the visitors were in front of the T. rex paddock they could not see the herbivores in the west side of the road.

The Lake & River

In the island there was a long thin lake that appeared to be man-made, with concrete dams and barriers. It was in the center of the island and had two miles long and a little more than one hundred yards wide. It could be seen in the Sauropod Swamp, south and north.

Part of the lake is inside the T. rex paddock and the two carnivores drink its water. The younger the T. rex stays close to the water, near the southeast side of the lagoon. The older  T. rex preferred the fields northwest of the lagoon. In a bend, the lake narrowed into the river they had seen in the Dilophosaurus paddock.

The river is not natural, but a engineering work, because the water flow was turned off at some point in the story. Starting at the lake’s end, the river flows north right through the aviary through the Dilophosaurus paddock and on to within a half-mile of the Visitor Lodge. There was also a waterfall, falling north, after the Dilophosaurus paddock and then the river runs north. As the norther area has the highest mountains, the artificial river should flow into a ditch or cut in the mountains, so there insufficient gradient for water runoff. This cut is my interpretation, since at no time the book explains how the water flows in the northern portion of the island.

I have created two patterns of river, one close to the hills (at the Dilophosaurus paddock, for example) and another at the open flat grounds (at the Othnielia paddock, for example). They are completely different grounds and this changes the flowing of the river. The river near the hills had a lot of curves (those curves are described when Dr. Grant crossed the Dilophosaurus paddock, chapter “The aviary”).

Construction in the Park

The Park area was mostly open space, but there were some buildings in it. Each paddock had a few buildings, they were all concrete, with thick walls and usually located in out-of-the-way corners. Those are the only information given in the novel about the park’s maintenance buildings. So their disposition are highly speculative, with the exception of the Sauropod Maintenance Building.

The Aviary is an aluminum dome constructed as a pattern of geodesic struts with a quarter of a mile in diameter or more. It is located south of the Dilophosaurus paddock, surrounded by the Sauropod/Hadrosaurs/Microceratops paddock.

The East Dock of the island it’s a small utility dock and it’s location was already discussed at the “Maintenance road” item. The North Dock is where the big supply boats arrive. It’s location is speculative, because no further information about its location as well as the maintenance road to get there is given. There were also some underground constructions in the islands southern end, with an entrance from the beach.

The “Velociraptor valley” “Les Gigantes” and the missing dinosaurs

There are some elements that are cited in the novel, but they do not appear in the map. I did not added them because they did not existed when the novel took place. The “Velociraptor Valley” is only a static TV channel at the Safari Lodge. The absence of the Velociraptor paddock explains why those carnivores where at the holding pens in the Visitor Area. The only empty location in the island to construct a new paddock is north of the Triceratops paddock. That’s why I created a river in that area, because if there is a valley, there must be a river. And I believe it extended itself near the Visitor Center, where John Hammond was attacked and killed by the Procompsognathus. I think that same river could be used as a water source for the herbivores of the Triceratops Country.

The same argument explains the absence of the Les Gigantes restaurant. It would be constructed somewhere between the Triceratops and the Dilophosaurus paddock. That is why I left an “empty” ground between the tour road and the Triceratops maintenance building. I think Les Gigantes could be constructed there.

And what could we say about the missing dinosaurs? We know that there were dinosaurs from the Styracosaurus and Euoplocephalus genera. But they are mentioned only in the computer’s counting procedure and did not appeared somewhere else in the novel. So, considering that they’re herbivores, that the Styracosaurus is similar to the Triceratops and that the Euoplocephalus could live in peace with those two other genera, I have decided to locate them in the Triceratops paddock. We must also consider that the characters never walked inside this paddock and we did not know what were there, with the exception of the Triceratops appearance at the tour. The Styracosaurus and Euoplocephalus could live behind the hills, near the T. rex paddock. So, it is probable that the missing dinosaurs were there, but this opinion must be considered speculative, because no one saw those dinosaurs there.

Isla Nublar Bestiary

  1. Tyrannosaurus rex – Version Number: 4.1
  2. Velociraptor “giganticus - Version Number: 3.0
  3. Dilophosaurus wetherilli “venenifer” (*) – Version Number: 4.3
  4. Apatosaurus excelsus – Version Number: 3.1
  5. Hadrosaurus foulkii – Version Number: 3.1
  6. Maiasaura peeblesorum – Version Number: 3.3
  7. Stegosaurus stenops – Version Number: 3.9
  8. Triceratops serratus (*) – Version Number: 3.1
  9. Procompsognathus triassicus “pentadactyl” (*) – Version Number: 3.9
  10. Styracosaurus albtertensis - Version Number: 3.9
  11. Hypsilophodon foxii – Version Number: 2.9
  12. Othnielia rex (*) – Version Number: 3.1
  13. Euoplocephalus tutus – Version Number: 4.0
  14. Microceratops gobiensis (*) – Version Number: 4.1
  15. Cearadactylus atrox – Version Number: 4.3
  16. *Coelurosaurus TBA*
  17. Prehistoric Dragonflies – In the first edition of the novel, Callovosaurus is noted as a Dinosaur on the tally screen; however, after the reclassification of Callovosaurus as Camptosaurus this was replaced in later versions by Microceratops, which was encountered in the trees above the river in the first edition of the first novel. In later editions of the first novel, Camarasaurus is added as one of Nublar’s inhabitants and it is classified under Apatosaurus.

Native Inhabitants:

  1. Leeches – Ed Regis noticed these after hiding from the Tyrannosaurus attack.
  2. Possum – Nedry noticed a possum
  3. Field mice – These were generally attributed by the control staff to be setting off the motion sensors.

Key:
(x -Genus Name-) – Hybrid
(?) – Debatable or formerly a subject of debate
(*) – Modified Scientific Name only for the purposes of this project. Consult DinoData.Net for the scientifically correct name.

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Ankylosaurus magniventris (JN)

“Fused lizard” discovered in the Western U.S. and described by Brown in 1908. Ankylosaurus lived in the Late Cretaceous about 70 million Years ago. It was 8.5 meters (28 ft.) in length, 2.7 meters (9 ft) in height and weighed 5 tons. Ankylosaurus is located on Isla Sorna.

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Quetzalcoatlus (?) (CB-Topps)

Unfortunately not much is known of this flying reptile seen at the end of The Lost World: Jurassic Park Issue #4. It is possible that the one in the foreground is Pteranodon, but the crest is not as pronounced. In fact the image does bear more of a likely and possible resemblance to Quetzalcoatlus.

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Unknown Heterodontosaurid (?) (CB-Topps)

An unknown five fingered Ornithischian dinosaur. It’s possible that this animal is an heterodontosaurid.

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Velociraptor “antirrhopus” (*) (CB-Topps)

“Swift Robber” first discovered and described by Henry Fairfield Osborn in 1924 in what is now the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. Velociraptor lived in the Late Cretaceous around 67 million years ago. It was 1.8 meters (6 feet) in length, 1 meter (3 feet) tall and 60 pounds (25 kilos) in weight. In reality, real Velociraptors were quite smaller than those featured in “Jurassic Park”, which are much closer in size comparison to Deinonychus. Deinonychus’ name means “Terrible Claw” and it was discovered by Paleontology revolutionary Dr. John Ostrom in 1964 and named in 1969. Deinonychus weighed 160 pounds (73 kilos) and was 4 meters (13 feet) in length and nearly 1.8 meters (6 feet) high. Like most theropods (Dilophosaurus for example) in the comics they are portrayed as vicious machine killers.

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Tyrannosaurus rex (CB-Topps)

“Tyrant Lizard King” discovered in 1902 by Barnum Brown in Hell Creek, Montana.Tyrannosaurus was holder of the world’s largest carnivorous dinosaur before Spinosaurus and Giganotosaurus made their way onto the scene. Tyrannosaurus lived in the Late Cretaceous period and grew over lengths of 12 meters (40 feet), (42 feet recorded and held by “Sue”), 4 meters (13 feet) at the hips and 5 meters height (16 feet) at the top of head, & 6 to 8 tons in weight.

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Triceratops horridus (CB-Topps)

“Three Horned Face” discovered in 1888 in Wyoming by John Bell Hatcher & described by Othniel Charles Marsh in 1890. Triceratops lived during the Late Cretaceous Period about 68 to 65 million years ago. It was over 9 meters (30 ft.) in length, 3 meters (10 ft.) in height at the top of crest, & 7 tons in weight.

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Styracosaurus albertensis (CB-Topps)

“Spiked Lizard” discovered around 1913 by C.M. Sternberg in Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta, described & named in 1913 by Lawrence Lambe. Styracosaurus lived during the Cretaceous Period about 77 to 74 million years ago. It was 5 meters (18 feet) in length, 1.8 meters (6 feet) in height, & 3 tons in weight.

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Stegosaurus stenops (?) (CB-Topps)

“Roofed Lizard” discovered in Colorado in 1876 by M. P. Felch & described by Othniel C. Marsh in 1877. Stegosaurus lived during the Late Jurassic Period about 154 to 150 million years ago. It was 7 meters (23 ft.) in length, 3 meters (10 ft.) in height at the top of the plates, & 4 tons in weight. It has four tail spikes called thagomizer with the biggest ones at almost 1 meter (3ft.) in length. It isn’t known for sure what species of Stegosaurus is featured in the comics due inconsistence of the drawings.

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Saurolophus osborni (?) (CB-Topps)

“Crested Lizard” was discovered in 1911 by Barnum Brown and described one year later. It was almost 10 meters (32ft.) in length and 2 tons in weight. Saurolophus lived about 70 million years ago during the Late of Cretaceous in Mongolia and North America. It isn’t known for sure what species of Saurolophus is depicted in the comics due inconsistence of the drawings.

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Procompsognathus triassicus (CB-Topps)

“Before Elegant Jaw” discovered around 1913 in Württemberg, Germany, described & named in 1913 by Eberhard Fraas. Procompsognathus lived during the Late Triassic Period about 222 to 219 million years ago. It was 1.2 meters (3.8 feet) in length, 26 centimeters (10 inches) in height, & 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) in weight. Worthy note Procompsognathus is referred as “Procompsognathid(s)” which is a non viable family.

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